Broadsheets


The Broadsheets are a world-renowned source of information on a very wide range of topics related to the production of metal castings. Each subject is presented in clear, concise easily understood terms and the complete range of titles offers foundrymen an invaluable source of reference.

1. Which cast iron?

2. Minimum tensile strengths of UK nodular (SG), malleable and grey cast irons – metric and Imperial units

3. Bottling clays for cupola tap-holes

4. Relation between composition, strength and structure (or hardness) of grey cast iron

5-1. Inoculation of flake graphite irons in the ladle

5-2. Inoculation of nodular (SG) irons in the ladle

6. Subsurface blowholes associated with segregation of manganese sulphide inclusions

7. Pinholes formed by hydrogen gas during solidification

8. Blower equipment for cold-blast cupola furnaces

9. Water treatment for simple wet arresters fitted to cupolas

10. Surface sink and draw defects in grey iron castings

11. Coke size and cupola operating efficiency

12. Degradation of additives in greensand

13. Measurement and control of molten-metal temperature

14. Fine hot tears in white cast irons

15. Gross hot tears in white cast irons

16-1. Routine test procedures on prepared moulding sand-preparation of standard test pieces

16-2. Routine test procedures on prepared moulding sand-determination of moisture content

16-3. Routine test procedures on prepared moulding sand-determination of permeability

16-4. Routine test procedures on prepared moulding sand-preparation of green strength-SI units

16-5. Routine test procedures on prepared moulding sand-measurement of shatter index

16-6. Routine test procedures on prepared moulding sand- determination of clay grade

16-7. Routine test procedures on prepared moulding sand-mechanical analysis to determine sieve grading

16-8. Routine test procedures on prepared oil-bonded coresand-preparation of test pieces

16-9. Routine test procedures on shell moulding sand-hot tensile test

16-10. Routine test procedures on prepared moulding sand-methylene bluetest for active-clay content in greensand

16-10a. Active clay determination in greensands – ultrasonic method

16-11. Routine test procedures on cold-setting chemically bonded sands-preparation of laboratory test mixtures

16-12. Routine test procedures on cold-setting chemically bonded sands-preparing test pieces

16-13. Routine test procedures on cold-setting chemically bonded sands-measuring the curing properties

16-14. Routine test procedures on cold-setting chemically bonded sands-measuring compactability

16-15. Quality control of chemically bonded sand moulds-evaluation of curing by measurement of impact-penetration resistance or compression strength

16-16. Routine test procedures on chemically bonded sands-determination of gas evolution

16-17. Routine test procedures on foundry sands-sampling prepared greensands

17. Removing smoke from cupola gases

18. Fume-cleaning for cupolas

19. Finning defects

20. Prevention of dross defects in nodular (SG) iron

21. Casting-ladle maintenance

22. Shop-floor control of metal quality by measurement of carbon equivalent value

23. Air pollution and the cold-blast cupola

24 Cooling hotclay-bonded sand in rotary screens

25 Air pollution and the hot-blast cupola

26 Addition of chromium to cast iron

27 Faulty machining techniques can cause ‘open-grain’ surfaces on iron castings

28 Repair of burn-back in acid-lined cupolas

29 Air pollution from cleaning and fettling operations

30 Addition of copper to cast iron

31 Mis-run castings

32 Residual stresses in grey iron castings

32-2 Measuring residual stress with electrical-resistance strain gauges

33 Simple wet and dry grit arresters for cupolas

34 Internal shrinkage defects in grey cast iron

35 Preventing cracks in iron castings due to rough handling

36 High speed floor-stand grinders

36-2 Abrasive-belt fettling

37 Unpleasant smells from foundries

37-2 Sources of neighbourhood dust and fume from foundries

38 Calculation of weight for moulds

39 Cracking in iron castings effect of production method

40 Coaldust in greensand moulding

41 Nitrogen in cast iron

42 Types of clay for bonding greensand

43 Small amounts of aluminium in cast irons

44 Production of separately cast grey iron test bars

45 Addition of tin to cast iron

46-1 Non-destructive testing of iron castings-magnetic crack detection

46-2 Non-destructive testing of iron castings-ultrasonic testing

46-3 Non-destructive testing of iron castings-eddy current testing

46-4 Non-destructive testing of iron castings-radiographic examination

46-5 Non-destructive testing of iron castings-sonic testing

46-6 Guide to correct non-destructive tests for iron castings

46-7 Non-destructive testing of iron castings-dye penetrants

47 Cracking of iron castings in the machine shop

48 Cupola coke-bed preparation

49 Holes in castings caused by resin binder systems of high nitrogen content

50 Lead contamination of cast iron

51 Fast sand-cooling with water evaporation

52 Cold-blast cupola specification

53 Surface-hardening of cast iron components

54 Essential features of the production of high chromium cast irons

55 Inverse chill in flake graphite cast iron

56 Cupola furnace charges for production of grey cast irons to BS 1452:1977

56** Cupola furnace charges for production of grey cast irons BS 1452:1990 (ISO 185: 1988) (updated standard)

57 Material level indicators for storage hoppers

58 Production of low-chromium nickel chromium martensitic white cast iron

59 Maintaining greensand quality using a control chart

60 Treatment of patterns and coreboxes to facilitate stripping

61 Cupola metallic-charge materials

62 Cupola air requirements

63 Properties of high-chromium irons

64 Cracking in grey iron castings-the effect of composition

65 Hardness tests on cast irons

66 The divided-blast cupola

67 Addition of molybdenum to cast iron

68 Production of malleable iron test bars

69 Nature and measurement of industrial noise

70 Connor block run

71 Flash on iron castings

72 The cupola behaviour (net) diagram

73 Guide to the use of grey cast irons at sub-zero temperatures

73-2 Guide to the use of ductile irons at sub-zero temperatures

73-3 Guide to the use of malleable cast irons at sub-zero temperatures

74 The Brinell hardness test

75 Thermal-cracking test for precoated shell moulding sands

76 Chill testing of cast iron

77 Permanent-mould casting

78 Rapid silicon content determination by thermoelectric voltage measurement

79 Gas explosions in cupolas and how to prevent them

80 Foundry floors, gangways and pouring aisles

81 Effect of industrial noise on ironfoundry personnel and neighbouring community

82 Hardness testing of greensand moulds

83 Metrication and the foundry industry

84 Pattern changing on moulding machines

85 Galvanising iron castings

86 Scabbing defects in greensand moulds

87 Control of the gassing operation in the CO2-silicate process

88 Storage of patterns and coreboxes

89 Location pins for moulding boxes

90 Hard cupola tap-holes

91 Foundry dust collectors for processes other than melting

92 Pin sampling of molten metal

93 Oxy-acetylene welding of cast irons-using cast iron filter rods

94-1 Counting eutectic cells in flake graphite cast iron

94-2 Comparator charts for counting eutectic cells

95 Portable hardness testers

96 Measurement and control of cuopola blast rate

97 Continuous cupola tapping methods-continuous front tapping and slagging

98 Hearing protectors for foundry personnel

99 Slag build-up on the walls of induction furnaces

100 Desulphurization of molten cast iron

101 Ultrasonic thickness gauges

102 Metal penetration

103 Reclamation of resin and silicate-bonded moulding sands

104 Cupola-tapping methods-the siphon brick

105-1 Using mould and core coatings

105-2 Avoiding casting defects caused by pure coating practice

106 Powder welding (non-fusion gas welding) of cast iron

107 Predicting the carbon, silicon, manganese and sulphur contents of grey irons melted in acid cold-blast cupolas

108 Forming sprues and pouring cups in machine moulds

109 Sand burn-on

110- Guide to maintaining quality control in iron foundries-raw materials for metal production

110-2 Guide to maintaining quality control in iron foundries-production and distribution of molten iron

110-3 Guide to maintaining quality control in iron foundries-raw materials for moulding and coremaking

110-4 Guide to maintaining quality control in iron foundries-core quality

110-5 Guide to maintaining quality control in iron foundries-greensand mould production

110-6 Guide to maintaining quality control in iron foundries-knockout, fettling and handling

110-7 Guide to maintaining quality control in iron foundries-plant and equipment maintenance

111 Graphs and control charts for day-to-day process control

111-2 Graphs and control chart for summarising long-term process control information

112 Community noise problems from dust collection plant

113 Cupola charge-level indicators

114 Manual metal-arc welding of iron castings

115 Continuous measurement of cupola tapping temperature

116 Molten-metal temperature measurement in ladles

117 Cast irons for the designer

118 Corrosion mechanisms in cast iron

118-2 Guide to the corrosion resistance of cast iron

119-1 Control of dust from portable fettling tools-the Freshold system

119-2 Control of dust from portable fettling tools-ventilated fettling-benches

119-3 Control of dust from portable fettling tools-grinding large castings

120 Weighing and measuring-a guide to soundness of iron castings

121 Late inoculation of flake and nodular graphite cast irons

122 MIG dip-transfer (short-arc) welding process for cast iron

123 Preparing cast iron microspecimens

124 Promoting ferrite in as-cast nodular (SG) irons

125-1 Carbon content of cast iron by thermal analysis

125-2 Determining silicon content of cast iron by thermal analysis

126 Moulding-sand test-loss on ignition and volatile matter

127-1 Conversions for engineering data-SI units

128 Suppressing ferrite in shell-moulded grey cast irons

129 Coreless induction furnaces for melting iron

130 Impregnation of porous iron castings

131 Use of standards in spectrographic analysis

132 Selection of carburizing materials

133 Preventing corrosion fatigue in cast iron in aqueous environments

134 Oxygen in cupolas

135 Greensand moulding-some do’s and don’ts

136 Zinc-coke mould coating for the reduction of fine hot-tearing in malleable irons

137 Bucket elevators-selection and use

138 Principal graphite forms in cast irons

138-2 Abnormal graphite forms in cast irons

139-1 Guide to running system design-basic systems and components

139-2 Guide to running system design-pouring-basins

140 Foundry maintenance

140-2 Plant registers and records for planned maintenance

140-3 Foundry maintenance-routine lubrication of plant

140-4 Foundry maintenance-routine inspection of plant

140-5 Foundry maintenance-condition monitoring

141 Counting nodules in nodular and malleable iron

142-1 Obtaining samples for chemical analysis: 1-from solid cast iron; 2-from liquid cast iron

142-2 Obtaining samples for analysis from liquid cast iron

142-3 Methods for determining carbon content

142-4 Methods for determining silicon content

142-5 Methods for determining sulphur content

142-6 Methods for determining manganese content

142-7 Methods for determining phosphorus content

142-8 Methods for determining chromium content

142-9 Methods for determining aluminium content in cast irons

142-10 Best methods of analysis for elements in cast iron present in trace amounts

142-11 Methods for determining nickel content in cast irons

142-12 Methods for determining copper content in cast irons

142-13 Methods for determining lead content in cast irons

142-14 Methods for determining nitrogen content in cast irons

142-15 Methods for determining titanium content in cast irons and steels

142-16 Methods for determining magnesium content in cast irons

142-17 Methods for determining bismuth content in cast irons

143-1 Handling, storage and disposal of hazardous materials in the foundry-phenolic binders

143-2 Handling, storage and disposal of hazardous materials in the foundry-acid catalysts for use with cold-setting binders

 

143-3 Handling, storage and disposal of hazardous materials in the foundry-binder materials for the sodium silicate processes

144-4 Handling, storage and disposal of hazardous materials in the foundry-materials for isocyanate-based processes

143-5 Handling, storage and disposal of hazardous materials in the foundry-coating materials for improving surface finish

143-6 Handling, storage and disposal of hazardous materials in the foundry-furan resins

143-7 Handling, storage and disposal of hazardous materials in the foundry-peroxide and SO2 used in the SAPIC resin processes

144 Common casting defects-how to prevent them

145 Preparing castings for vitreous enamelling

146 Carbon monoxide hazards in the foundry

147 Design stresses for engineering grades of cast iron at temperatures up to 450 degrees C

148 Lining wear in acid coreless induction furnaces

149 Methods of cupola slag disposal

150 Importance of consistent blowing of cupolas

151-1 Capital investment appraisal – preparatory calculations

151-2 Capital investment appraisal – the approximation methods

151-3 Capital investment appraisal – the discounted cash flow (DCF) techniques

152-1 Protective wear for foundry workers – foot protection

152-2 Protective wear for foundry workers – eye protection

153 Bismuth and tellurium coatings for moulds and cores

154 Metal pouring-temperature control by process timers

155 Avoiding graphite-free surface layers on grey iron castings made in greensand moulds

156-1 Ductile irons – Equivalent National Standards to EN 1563: 1997

156-2 Grey irons – Equivalent National Standards to EN 1561: 1997

156-3 Malleable irons – Equivalent National standards to EN 1562: 1997

156-4 Specifications for austenitic cast irons – British and foreign

156-5 Specifications for abrasion-resistant white cast irons – British and foreign

157-1 Stress/strain behaviour of flake graphite cast irons

157-2 Stress/strain behaviour of nodular and malleable cast irons

157-3 Determining the modulus of elasticity of flake graphite cast irons

158 Channel induction furnaces

159 Factors affecting the fluidity of molten cast iron

160-1 How to set about Work Simplification in ironfoundries

160-2 Work Simplification techniques – string and flow-line diagrams

160-3 Work Simplification techniques – process charts

160-4 Work Simplification techniques – time-operation charts

160-5 Work Simplification techniques – work sampling

161 Proportions of ferrite and pearlite in as-cast nodular irons estimated from microstructures

161-2 Proportions of ferrite and pearlite in as-cast flake graphite irons with Type A graphite-estimated from microstructures

161-3 Proportions of ferrite and pearlite in as-cast flake graphite irons with rosette-type graphite-estimated from micro-structures

161-4 Proportions of ferrite and pearlite in as-cast flake graphite irons with fine graphite-estimated from microstructures

162 The importance of controlling low phosphorus contents in grey iron castings

163-1* The meaning and use of occupational exposure limits

163-2 The working environment-use of detector tubes for determining concentrations of airborne gases

163-3 The working environment – terms used in lighting engineering

163-4 The working environment – noise and the acoustical terms used

163-5 The working environment – determination of phenol in water contaminated by foundry wastes

163-6 The working environment – how to combine sound levels from more than one source

163-7 The working environment – measurement of solid emissions from stacks

163-8 The working environment – basic definitions for measurement of the thermal environment

163-9 The working environment – vibration and the terms used

163-10 The working environment – recommendations for lighting levels in iron foundries

163-11 The working environment – measuring airborne dust in foundries

164-1 Malleable irons – pearlitic rim in blackheart malleable iron

164-2 Mottle in malleable irons

164-3 Inverse greyness in malleable iron

164-4 Graphite shape and distribution in blackheart malleable irons

165 Changes in the nitrogen content of cast iron during melting and holding in a coreless induction furnace

166 Cooling-water systems for electric induction furnaces

167 Pneumatic conveying

168 Average Grain Size calculation – metric sieves

169-1 Heat treatment of grey cast iron – annealing

170 Machining of grey cast irons – possible difficulties

171 Charge preheating for electric furnaces

172-1 Reducing fettling by casting design

172-2 Reducing fettling by equipment maintenance

172-3 Reducing fettling by control of mould and core quality

173-1 Continuous mixers – calibration and checking

173-2 Continuous mixers – causes of in incorrect curing in resin-bonded sands

174-1 Design castings for simpler mould

174-2 Design castings for soundness

176-1 Notes of guidance: electrical protection for coreless induction furnaces

176-2 Notes of guidance: hydraulic systems for coreless induction furnaces

176-3 Notes of guidance: inverter power supplies for electric melting

176-4 Notes of guidance: cooling-water systems for coreless and channel induction furnaces

176-5 Notes of guidance: electrical safety procedures for electric metal-melting and holding furnaces

176-6 Notes of guidance: storage handling, conditioning and charging of materials for melting in electric induction furnaces

176-7 Notes of guidance: metal dump or spillage pits for induction furnaces

176-8 Notes of guidance: charge materials for electric induction furnaces

176-9 Notes of guidance: repairs to coreless induction furnace coils

177 Hot-distortion test for chemically bonded sands

178 Foundry sand hoppers

179-1 Chaplets

179-2 Inserts

179-3 Chills

180-1* The production of compacted graphite irons

180-2* The properties of compacted graphite irons

181 The importance of mould rigidity in greensand moulds

182 Cooling-rates and heat losses in iron foundry ladles

183 Pellets in moulding-sand

184 Ladle-inoculation practice

185 Desulphurizing molten cast iron with a lime-fluorspar mixture

186 Powder dispensers for additives to foundry moulding materials

187 Production of flake graphite austenitic cast iron

188 Venting of moulds and cores

189 Effect of inoculation on the soundness of flake graphite iron castings

190-1 Importance of well-depth in cupola design

190-2 Importance of correct fluxing practice in cupola operation

191 Measuring air flow in ducts and hoods

192 Effect of some residual or trace elements in cast iron

193 Late metal-stream inoculation

194 Rust-spotting on car paintwork

195 Recirculation of cleaned air

196 Prevention of sand inclusions from moulds and cores

197 The need for control of sand temperature in cold-setting processes

198 Sand heaters for use with continuous mixers

199 Cupola noise and vibration

200 Magnesium-treatment processes for the production of nodular graphite (SG) iron

201 Ultrasonic-velocity measurement in castings

202 Quality control in iron foundries – information for casting and scrap records

203 Thermal conductivity of unalloyed cast irons

203-2 Magnetic properties of unalloyed cast irons

203-3 Electrical resistivity of unalloyed cast irons

203-4 Thermal expansion of cast iron at temperatures up to 500°C

203-5 Density of cast irons

203-6 Thermal expansion of unalloyed flake or nodular graphite cast irons at temperatures above 500°C

203-7 Specific heat-capacity of cast irons

204-1 Lining of coreless induction furnaces-lining construction and materials (Revised July 1995)

204-2 Lining of coreless induction furnaces – a guide to lining installation

204-3 Lining of coreless induction furnaces – a guide to fretting procedures for silica refractories

205 Determining boric oxide/acid content of silica refractory mixes

206 Core printing – good practice

207 Silica sands – significance of Average Grain Size

208 Producing accurate castings – checklist

209-1 Heat treatment of nodular (SG) iron – normalising

209-2 Heat treatment of nodular iron – annealing

209-3 Heat treatment of nodular iron – austempering

209-4 Heat treatment of nodular iron – hardening and tempering

210-1 Quality control of incoming raw materials – resins for acid-catalysed cold setting processes

210-2 Quality control of incoming raw materials – acid catalysts for cold-setting processes for moulds and cores

210-3 Quality control of incoming raw materials – silicates for the CO2 and ester hardening processes

210-4 Quality control of incoming raw materials – testing silica sands for use with cold-setting binders

211-1 Effects of silicon in nodular (SG) iron

211-2 Effects of phosphorus in nodular (SG) iron

211-3 Effects of manganese in nodular (SG) iron

211-4 Effects of copper in nodular (SG) iron

211-5 Effects of nickel in nodular (SG) iron

211-6 The effects of cerium in nodular (SG) iron

211-7 Effects of carbon in nodular (SG) irons

211-8 Effects of tin in nodular (SG) iron

211-9 Effects of molybdenum in ductile (SG) irons

212 Factors influencing the ductile or brittle behaviour of nodular iron

213 ‘Galvanising’ embrittlement of malleable and nodular irons

214 Temper embrittlement in nodular iron

215 Dust respirators

216 Reducing the noise of pattern-cleaning

217 A peel-back test for precoated shell moulding sands

218 The determination of nitrogen in chemically bonded sands

219 High-silicon cast irons – 10-16% silicon

219-2 4-6% silicon nodular irons for high temperature service

220 Surface carbides in blackheart malleable iron

221-1 Cutting the cost of compressed air

221-2 Saving coke in cupola melting

221-3 Energy savings in the distribution of molten metal

221-4 Foundry doors for energy saving

221-5 Saving space-heating costs in foundries

221-6 Energy savings in electric induction-furnace operation

221-7 Heat recovery from electric induction furnaces

221-8 Reducing energy costs in coreshops

221-9 Space heating-assessing efficiency with degree days

222 Lustrous-carbon defects in casting

223 Factors influencing the ductile or brittle behaviour of malleable irons

224 Avoiding white iron formation or chill in grey irons

225 Ultrasonic detection of porosity in castings

226 Sagging in chemically bonded moulds and cores

227-1 Coremaking processes – sand quality

227-2 Coremaking processes – oil-sand cores

227-3 Cores hardened in heated coreboxes – shell process

227-4 Cores hardened in heated coreboxes – hot-box process

227-5 Cores hardened by gassing – the cold-box process

227-6 Cores hardened by gassing – the CO2 silicate process

227-7 Cores hardened by gassing – the SO2 process

227-8 Cores cured by chemical reaction – furan binders

227-9 Cores cured by chemical reaction – phenolic urethanes

227-10 Cores cured by chemical reaction ester silicate process

227-11 Moulding and coremaking processes – a guide to their selection

228 Vanadium in cast irons

229 The proportions of nodular graphite in compacted graphite irons – estimated from microstructure

230 Subversive elements in nodular iron

231 Determining carbon and sulphur in irons and steels by automatic infrared analysis

232 Young’s modulus of elasticity, E-values used in the design of engineering castings

233 Determining the specific surface-area of foundry moulding-sands

234 Flake graphite layers at the cast surfaces of nodular iron castings

235 Fracture mechanics – its relevance to cast iron design stresses

236 Recycling slurry in greensand systems

237 Brazing cast irons

238 Joining iron castings with adhesives

239 Metallic abrasives for shotblasting

240 Cracking and distortion due to thermal cycling

241 Growth and scaling of unalloyed engineering cast irons at temperatures up to 650°C

242 SI, metric non-Sl, and non-metric conversions

243 High intensity batch sand-mills

244 Cooling returned greensand

245 Attachments for fork-lift trucks

246 Factors controlling the rigidity of moulds made with resin-bonded sands

247-1 Applications for robots in foundries

247-2 General guidance for the successful use of robots

247-3 Guidelines for efficient fettling by robot

248 Ultrasonic examination of heavy-section iron castings

249-1 Formaldehyde in the foundry atmosphere

249-2 Isocyanate vapours in the foundry atmosphere

249-3 Lead in the ironfoundry atmosphere

249-4 Sulphur dioxide and hydrogen sulphide from the furan process

250 Weighing in foundries

251 Remote control systems for foundry cranes

252 Phosphine and nodular iron machining

253 Effects of nodular graphite in compacted graphite irons

254-1 Methods of marking castings

255 Automatic pouring in iron foundries

256 Deterioration of cores during storage

257-1 The use of fatigue data in the design of iron and steel castings

257-2 Cast irons and steels in fatigue stress applications – effect of notches

257-3 Cast irons and steels in fatigue stress applications – effects of surface condition and treatments

258 Abrasive discs for cutting off

259 Zircon, chromite and olivine sands – foundry applications

260 Avoiding dimensional variations in cores

261 Graphite flotation in nodular (SG) iron castings

262 Hardspots and partly dissolved inclusions from additions to molten iron

263 X-ray fluorescence spectroscopic analysis

264 Foundry waste disposal

265 Heat treatment of wear-resistant chromium irons

266 Closed-circuit TV in foundries

267 Investment casting

267-2 Investment casting – wax pattern production

268 Production of austenitic nodular iron castings

269 Casting handling at shake-out

270 The proportion of compacted graphite in ductile (SG) irons – estimated from microstructures

271 Addition of bismuth to cast irons

272-1 Statistical methods of quality control – Pareto analysis

272-2 Statistical methods of quality control – frequency distribution curves

272-3 Statistical methods of quality control – mean and range (x/R) charts

272-4 Statistical methods of quality control – recording scrap using attribute control charts

272-5 Capability indices

272-6 Statistical methods of quality control – calculating and using standard deviation

273 Recommendations for storing coaldust

274 Compacting greensand in moulding machines

275 Cast irons for applications requiring heat resistance

276 Quality assurance terms – definitions

277 Measurement and control of moisture in greensand

278 Cast irons for handling low-melting-point liquid metals

279 Thickness measurement of surface coatings on castings

280 Fume from the magnesium treatment of cast irons

281 Introduction to surface treatments

282 Rotating pipe conveyors

283 Cast iron structural columns

283-2 Cast iron structural beams

284 Uses of antimony in cast iron

285 Measurement of surface finish of castings and machined surfaces

286 Head and gate removal – breaking off

287 Damping capacity

288 The vacuum moulding process (V Process)

289 Simple environmental tests

290 The evaporative-foam-pattern casting process

291 The effects of the main five elements in cast irons

292 Atmospheric pollution by tellurium from thermal analysis moulds

293-1 Shakeouts

293-2 Reducing noise at the shakeout

294 Titanium in cast irons

295 Shot-peening – principles and applications

296 Shot-blasting – types and applications

297-1 Filtration of molten metal

297-2 Characteristics and uses of filters for molten metal

298-1 Rapid shop-floor control tests for ductile iron – metallographic method

299 Smells from amine-gassed cores and moulds

300 Care and use of abrasive wheels

301 Cupola charge calculation

302-1 Hazard data sheet for unalloyed grey (flake graphite) cast iron

302-2 Hazard data sheet for ductile iron (spheroidal graphite cast iron, nodular cast iron)

302-3 Hazard data sheet for malleable cast iron (whiteheart and blackheart)

302-4 Hazard data sheet for austenitic grey cast iron

302-5 Hazard data sheet for austenitic ductile cast iron

302-6 Hazard data sheet for white cast iron (unalloyed and low-alloy)

302-7 Hazard data sheet for nickel-chromium white cast iron

302-8 Hazard data sheet for high-chromium white cast iron

303 Real-time non-film radiography for castings

304 Low tensile properties in ductile iron test bars

305 Specifications and design data for grey irons

306 Stress relief heat treatment of grey iron castings

307 Moulding and coremaking processes – a guide to their selection

308 Moulding and coremaking – Environmental guide

309 Gas evolution from moulds and cores

310 Estimating nodularity of ductile irons from microstructures

311 Properties and heat treatment of aluminium casting alloys

312 Good practices for heat treatment of aluminium casting alloys

313 Austenitic iron standards comparator

314 Weld repair of aluminium castings

315 Ram-off defects

316 Explosive metal penetration in sand moulds

317 Common defects associated with the repair of aluminium alloy castings

318 Excessive burn-back of cold blast cupola linings

319 Control of mould/coremaking materials – Test selection and frequency

320 Controlling the structure of cast aluminium alloys

321 Assessment of graphite form in austenitic ductile irons using ultrasonic velocity

322 Degassing and fluxing practice for aluminium alloys

324 Addition of silicon carbide to cast irons

325 Charge contamination with free-cutting steels

335 Hot tears

336 Carbide in ductile iron castings

337 Component performance optimisation using the finite-element method

338 Ionic contamination of greensands

339-1 Duplex stainless steel

339-2 Welding Duplex stainless steel

340 Radiation Monitoring of raw materials

341 Special refractory sands – their source and properties

342-1 The management of foundry wastes

342-2 Beneficial re-use of foundry materials

342-3 Waste minimisation

342-4 Recycling of Foundry Materials

342-5 Disposal of foundry wastes

343 Metal penetration and surface roughness of steel castings

344 Fluidity of steel

345 ‘Dry Ice’ processes for the cleaning of patterns and core boxes

346 Fatigue life data on grey irons

347 The Ten Commandments for good casting design

348 Sand Reclamation – techniques and equipment

349 Establishing sand reclamation levels – the sand balance diagram

350 Control tests on reclaimed sand

351-1 Specialised cupola operating techniques – supersonic oxygen

351-2 Specialised cupola operating techniques – cokeless cupola operation

351-3 Supplementary blast superheating of cupolas

351-4 Dust and waste injection in cupolas

352 Mould Quality Determination

353 Measuring the dendrite arm spacing of hypo-eutectic cast aluminium

354 Sand reclamation – cooler/classification operation

355 Improving foundry layouts

356-1 The alkaline phenolic ester cured process

356-2 The reclamation of ester-cured alkaline phenolic resin

357-1 National specifications for nickel-based casting alloys

357-2 Overview of nickel based casting alloys

358-1 Efficient heat treatment in gas fired furnaces

359-1 Energy Management Systems – frequently-asked questions

359-2 Energy Management

360-1 The benefits of filters in steel casting

360-2 Filters for use in steel casting

360-3 The selection of filters for steel castings

360-4 Pouring temperature of steel when using filters

360-5 Possible position of filters in steel castings

361-1 The design of knock-off feeder heads

361-2 Methods of runner and feeder head removal

362 The use of internal and external chills

363 Casting yield

364 Creating a mass balance

365 Bainitic cast irons

367-1 The ten commandments of gating system design

368 An introduction to aluminium melting

369-1 Hand-Arm vibration – the current situation

369-2 Hand-Arm vibration – control hierarchy

371 Steel castings for pressure purposes – equivalent national standards

372 A new duty to manage asbestos

373 Elimination of inclusions from bottom-pour ladles

374 Pouring basin design for steel casting

375 Land contamination legislation

376-1 Environmental noise – the legislative background

377 CAD modelling for patternmakers

378 Ductile and compacted graphite irons in varying casting sections

379-1 Energy management: the Climate Change Levy

379-2 Energy management: the casting sector’s Climate Change Levy Agreement

379-3 Energy management: UK Emissions Trading Scheme

379-4 Energy management: Adjusting energy improvement targets in line with changes in product output

381 High Silicon Ductile Irons

382 Ceramic beads for moulding and coremaking